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Cannabis sativa

Cannabis sativa Cannabis is really beautiful and useful plant, that rightly belongs between some of the greatest plants in the world. But it was forgotten, pushed away and almost nobody can imagine how it actually looks like, how it is grown, got in and how it is processed after.

Cannabis sativa

Cannabis is really beautiful and useful plant, that rightly belongs between some of the greatest plants in the world. But it was forgotten, pushed away and almost nobody can imagine how it actually looks like, how it is grown, got in and how it is processed after. We want people to think about this wonderful plant as about an useful and curative herb. It is a traditional plant that belongs to our fields but it is also a modern plant because possibilities of it‘s use are very wide.

It is a herb that has been used throughout recorded history by men as a source of fiber, seed oil, it was used as food as a drug (cannabis india) as a medicine and for spiritual purposes. Each part of this plant is harvested differently, depending on the purpose of it‘s use.

Common use:

Most concentrated in the resin of female plant are psychoactive and physiologically active chemical compounds known as cannabinoids that are consumed for recreational, medicinal, and spiritual purposes. When so used, preparations of flowers and leaves, sometimes called marijuana, and preparations derived from resinous extract, sometimes called hashish, are usually consumed by inhaling a vapor released by smoking or heating, or by oral ingestion. Historically, tinctures, teas, and ointments were also common preparations. The tough fiber of the plant, cultivated as hemp, has numerous textile uses. Its seed, chiefly used as caged-bird feed, is a valuable source of protein, energy, and long-chain fatty acids, and also contain oil that can be used to make paints, varnishes and soaps.

Some botanists assign the drug strains of Cannabis to a separate species, Cannabis indica (Hillig, K.W. and P. G. Mahlberg. 2004. A chemotaxonomic analysis of cannabinoid variation in Cannabis (Cannabaceae). American Journal of Botany 91: 966-975). Others consider all Cannabis plants to belong to the species Cannabis sativa (Small, E. and A. Cronquist. A practical and natural taxonomy for Cannabis. Taxon 25: 405-435).

Plant physiology:

Cannabis reproduces sexually. The flowers of the female plant, in cannabis usually called buds, are arranged in racemes and can produce hundreds of seeds. Males reach sexual maturity several weeks prior to females. Although genetics disposes a plant to become male, environmental factors, including the diurnal light cycle, can alter the sex. Natural hermaphrodites, with both male and female parts, are either sterile or fertile but artificially induced hermaphrodites can have fully functional reproductive organs. 'Feminized' seed sold by many commercial seed suppliers are derived from artificially hermaphrodytic females that lack the male gene or by treating the seeds with hormones or silver thiosulfate.

In soil, the optimum pH for the plant is 6.5 to 7.2. In hydroponic growing, the nutrient solution is best at 5.2 to 5.8, making cannabis well-suited to hydroponics because this pH range is hostile to most bacteria and fungiA cannabis plant in the vegetative growth phase of its life cycle can thrive under twenty-four hour daylight conditions, although some growers advocate a small rest period to avoid overstressing the plant. Flowering usually occurs when darkness exceeds eleven hours per day. The flowering cycle can last anywhere between six to twelve weeks, depending on the strain and environmental conditions.


Though the main psychoactive chemical compound in cannabis is Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol(THC), the plant is known to contain about sixty cannabinoids. One other cannabinoid of particularly high concentration in some plants is cannabidiol (CBD), which is not psychoactive but modifies the effect of THC. Differences in the chemical composition of cannabis varieties may produce different effects in humans. Synthetic THC, called dronabinol, does not contain CBD, CBN, or other cannabinoids, which is one reason why its pharmacological effects may differ significantly from those of cannabis preparations.

Most commonly available marijuana contains below 8% THC. Selective breeding and modern cultivation techniques like hydroponics have produced varieties with more than 15% THC. With varieties containing below 2% THC, such as those specifically cultivated for use as hemp, smoking may produce lightheadedness or mild headache but not inebriation. The THC content is also affected by the sex of the plant, with female plants generating substantially more resin than their male counterparts. Seedless varieties derived from unpollinated female plants have high THC content and are traditionally known as sinsemilla (Spanish: "without seed").


This article is licensed under the
GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Cannabis sativa.


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